Green Remediation

Green remediation is a term used to describe the process of considering sustainable environmental practices during remediation of contaminated sites. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a Green Remediation Technology Primer in April 2008 to provide “topical introductory information” relating to Green Remediation. The EPA defines green remediation as “the practice of considering all environmental effects of remedy implementation and incorporating options to maximize net environmental benefit of cleanup actions.”

Green remediation asks us to consider all environmental impacts associated with remediation in an effort to limit collateral environmental damage while also considering future site use. A green remediation analysis considers the following core elements:

  • Energy requirements
  • Air emissions
  • Water requirements and impacts on water resources
  • Land and ecosystem impacts
  • Material consumption and waste generation
  • Sustainability or long-term stewardship
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